Birth Control Guide

You do not plan to have a baby and consider that it is too early to start getting ready for pregnancy?
If so, you should think about the kind of birth control method that will best help you prevent pregnancy.

 

There are over 15 different methods of contraception, which you could use to prevent pregnancy. Different types of contraceptives have pros and cons, some of which you can find in this review.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of various birth control methods with your physician, and select the method that suits your situation the most.

 

Choosing the “best” contraceptive depends on many factors, including age, frequency of sex, overall health status, number of sexual partners, possible adverse reactions.

When choosing a contraceptive, you need to answer the main question.

When do you want to get pregnant?

In a few weeks

In a few months

In a few years

Never

Knowing the answer to this question, the doctor will be able to recommend you one of the following birth control methods:

Short-Acting Reversible Contraception

Pill & Minipill
Patch
Vaginal Ring
Shot

Used every day, week, month, or 3 months.

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception

Intrauterine device (coil)
Subcutaneous implant

 

Used 1 time and works 3 to 10 years.

Irreversible Contraception

Female tubal ligation or occlusion
Male vasectomy

 

Prevents pregnancy for life.

Barrier Contraception

Condoms
Diaphragms
Sponge
Cervical cap

Used before each sexual intercourse.

Emergency Contraception

Morning-After Pill

 

 

Used only after unprotected intercourse.

Natural Family Planning

Rhythm Method

 

 

Sex should be avoided during ovulation.

Even the most effective birth control methods can not guarantee 100% protection from unwanted pregnancies. But when you use the most effective methods of contraception, you get the best possible fertility control.

What birth control method is the best?

Every woman has her own answer to this question.

When choosing a contraceptive, women are guided by personal preferences and their doctor’s recommendations. In different periods of their life, many women use different birth control options.

Top-3 Approved Birth Control Options*

Most Reliable

1. Subcutaneous implant.
2. Male sterilization
3. Hormonal intrauterine device.

Most Popular

1. Oral contraceptives
2. Female sterilization
3. Male condoms

Contraceptives
  • Pill
  • Female sterilization
  • Male condom
  • Long-acting reversible contraception
  • Male stelirization
  • Withdrawal
  • Injectable
  • Contraceptive ring or patch
  • Other
*By version of CDC’s Division of Reproductive Health (US)

Oral contraceptives and sterilization are two most popular contraception methods that women of reproductive age choose most often.

Sterilization is popular among women, who already gave birth, no longer want to have children and agree to irreversible contraception.

Oral contraceptives are popular among women, who want to have children, yet are not ready for the birth of a child at the current stage of their life.

Some oral contraceptives do not require a prescription. Still, even when women are able to buy birth control pills without a prescription – they should discuss the appropriateness of their use with their doctor.


Pharmacies offer several hundred different contraceptives, which include analogues of female sex hormones – estrogens and/or progestins. To select a contraceptive that suits you the best, you need a medical examination.

Based on the examination results, the doctor may recommend that you use one of the following hormonal contraceptives.

“Pill”

Injection (IV)

Vaginal ring

“Mini Pill”

Injection (SC)

“Morning-After Pill”

Intrauterine system (IUS)

Implant (SC)

If you are contraindicated to hormonal contraception methods, and the irreversible method of contraception does not suit your needs, your doctor may recommend that you use a barrier contraception method, including:

Sponge

Cervical cap

Barrier contraception is the most UNreliable contraception method, which should be used every time you have sex.

Despite the low level of reliability, the male latex condom is the first among the top 3 most popular contraception methods. The reason for the popularity of male condoms is the ease of use, accessibility, and the fact that they provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

One of the important factors that may affect the choice of a contraceptive is the frequency of application and duration of its effect.

Choosing a contraceptive based on the frequency of use

“The pill”
“Mini pill”

Used
Everyday

Ortho Evra
(patch)

Used
Every Week

Nuvaring
(Vaginal ring)

Used
Every Month

Depo-Provera
(Shot)

Used
Every 3 Months

Nexplanon
(implant)

Used
Every 3 Years

Liletta

Used
Every 4 Years

Mirena

Used
Every 5 Years

ParaGard T 380A

Used
Every 10 Years

To find the best contraception method, doctor should discuss with the woman  all the pros and cons of different birth control options, considering their:

Safety

Effectiveness

Availability

Acceptability

Once the best contraception method is found, woman will be able to use it as often and for as long as recommended by the attending physician.

If hormonal methods are used for contraception, information on contraindications to their use is available in the leaflet for the patient.

DOWNLOAD LEAFLET

(*.pdf)

Before you buy birth control pills, patches, implants and other hormone-containing contraceptives at an online pharmacy, you can find the key information about them in our reviews.

Please note that this “Contraception Guide” is published solely for information purposes and should not be considered as a substitute for consulting a family physician, obstetrician or pharmacist.