To prevent unwanted pregnancies, women can use different methods of emergency contraception. The choice of the optimal method depends on many factors and should be made individually for each woman.
The use of “morning-after pills” is the simplest and most affordable way to prevent pregnancy after an unprotected intercourse.
Pharmacies sell several types of tablets for emergency contraception, which women can buy without a prescription. After buying a morning-after pill, woman should carefully read the leaflet and strictly follow the instructions indicated in it.
Most Prescribed Morning-After Pills
Levonorgestrel and Ulipristal have a different mechanism of action, but provide an identical effect. They help prevent pregnancy by suppressing ovulation and blocking the process of the egg fertilization.
Regular (hormonal) method of contraception can be initiated:
The day after using Levonorgestrel pills.
Five days after using Ulipristal pills.
If a woman can not use the FDA-approved morning-after pills for any reason, she may be recommended to use alternative emergency contraceptive methods, such as:
Used during 72 hrs after sex
Used during 120 hrs after sex
These methods are used for emergency contraception very rarely, when women are contraindicated to take morning-after pills or they do not have access to them.
With proper use of morning-after pills, they help reduce the risk of unwanted pregnancies by at least 75%.
If a woman is unlucky and the emergency contraception method is ineffective, she can take one of three possible solutions:
Option 1Medical abortion
Carried out after 49 days of pregnancy.
Held in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Continuation of pregnancy
Average length of pregnancy is 40 weeks.
When woman chooses the first option to interrupt an unwanted pregnancy, she will be prescribed abortion pills Mifepristone (approved by the FDA).
Discover more about non-surgical abortion
The medical abortion procedure should be held in a clinic. If an intrauterine device was used for emergency contraception, this device must be removed before administering the abortive pills Mifepristone.